GEDB is engaged in collaborations with several research groups, including medical professionals, psychologists, behavioral economists, and food actors, to tackle everything from antibiotic resistance to human health, habitats, and food production. Our research has the ambition to uncover connections between environmental sustainability and global health.

Research under this theme currently focuses on:

• Antimicrobials as a global health ‘commons’ in need of stewardship and transformation – and how to govern their use.

• Critical pathways and food system leverage points to achieve a rapid transition to healthy and sustainable diets – with a specific eye to equity.

• Novel risks: the increasing complexity of the world today gives rise to a range of different negative outcomes, such as financial crises and volatility, global health crises, climate change, and global biosphere degradation. Traditionally such risks have been treated in isolation. However, recent research on, for example, systemic risk has begun to highlight the interconnectivity of risks across different systems. Under the umbrella of GEDB, we conduct research that addresses both finance and health risks as it relates to the biosphere.

Our current projects include:


AMResilience is a project funded by the fifth call of the Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR). The project aims to understand better how interventions against antimicrobial resistance shape resilience and transformability. It attempts to document which interventions work to limit antibiotic resistance across animal and human health. The project covers a wide range of fields regarding antimicrobial resistance, as the idea is to have a 'One Health' approach. This approach includes Human Health, Animal Health, Environmental perspectives and prevention, control, and surveillance of antimicrobial resistance from Public Health policies and regulation perspectives.

Impact of distal risks on human and biosphere health

Human health is intimately linked to our living planet. In this research, we study the relationship between global health and the biosphere. Using a complementary approach to the prevailing global health methodologies that emphasize proximal risk factors, we instead focus on complex systems dynamics to uncover the diffuse and indirect ways in which the biosphere determines health outcomes. Cases include both emerging infectious diseases and child health outcomes.

Risks and resilience in global food production

This research focuses on identifying and understanding the diversity of risks and vulnerabilities in the global food production system and avenues for more resilient food systems. Risks and threats to the global food system are diverse, encompassing both local risks such as droughts, fish stock collapses, pest invasions, and livestock disease; and global risks such as antimicrobial resistance, global food homogenization, and cascading food supply shocks. Our research shows that reframing the way we deal with these risks, and making explicit that risk mitigation actions at one level may affect risks at another level, is key for tackling food system risks.